Star Wars: Edge of the Galaxy
The Galactic Republic was formed over a thousand years ago, after the events of the Sith War, in which the Sith (a galaxy-spanning cult of Dark-Side Force-users) invaded the Old Republic in order to destroy it and the Jedi, which the Sith saw as their existential enemies. The Galactic Republic was the successor to the former Republic of Worlds (referred to as the Old Republic) and adopted many of the same principles of democracy, peace, justice and education that the former government had, with one notable exception: no military. The mystic Jedi Order, which had been the protectors of peace and justice in the Old Republic, and who had defeated the Sith in the last war, would continue their role for the Galactic Republic, directed by the Senate, for hundreds of years. The crisis on Naboo roughly twenty years ago, in which the former Trade Federation invaded the planet over trade sanctions, resulted in one of the greatest threats to the Republic’s ability to protect its member worlds. Without a military, the Republic, and Naboo largely relied on the Jedi Order and local militias to defeat a fully equipped droid army. Over eight years ago, the former Jedi Master and rumored Sith Lord, Count Dooku, exploited this when he began his Separatist movement the CIS and persuaded worlds to secede from the Republic. As negotiations stalled and failed between the CIS and the Republic, Separatist droid armies began attacking Republic worlds, forcing them to surrender. In retaliation, Supreme Chancellor Palpatine of the Republic, ordered the creation of a Clone Army that could defend its ideals without sacrificing its citizens. Thus began the Clone Wars. The Jedi were ordered by the Republic Senate to send Jedi Knights into the field as generals for the Clone Army, despite the misgivings of the Jedi Order that Jedi are peacekeepers, not soldiers. Though the Republic won the Clone Wars against the Separatist forces of the CIS, the democratic Republic was supplanted by the iron rule of the Galactic Empire, and Emperor Palpatine.